Kid’s Menu

Raising a child to eat healthfully means being willing to constantly rewrite the recipe. by Charity Ferreira

I have committed acts that, if you had predicted them to me five years ago, I would have said you were crazy. I have used a $200 saucepan to make blue play dough. I have served macaroni and cheese from a box to adults I am not related to. I have ended relationships because I couldn’t bear to hear one more story about how someone’s toddler gobbled up everything from spiny sea urchin to pickled asparagus, while mine greeted every meal with thinly veiled suspicion that I was trying to poison him.

“Don’t make mealtime a battle,” said all the books. “Don’t take your child’s picky eating personally”—advice I found preposterous. I’m a passionate (and professionally trained) cook. I grew every single cell of this kid in my own body. How is that not personal?

In the beginning, my child was a voracious and appreciative eater, and introducing him to the foods I loved was a delight. I didn’t believe in bland food for babies; whatever I made at mealtimes, I just mashed up a little bit and he ate it. Roasted golden beetroots in orange vinaigrette. Garlicky white beans and greens. Vegetable-packed soups, stews, curries, dahls. It was no surprise that his first words were all foods (one of the cutest being “chickpea”).

And then came toddlerhood—the age, experts agree, when picky eating begins. Toddlers are on the go, frequently snacking, and they’ve got lots of stored baby fat to subsist on, all of which makes them less likely to sit still for a full meal. They’re also just beginning to experiment with how much control they have over their environment. “Toddlers are naturally resistant to many of the things their parents do,” says Dr Bob Sears, co-author of The Portable Pediatrician (Little, Brown, 2011) and father of three. “Refusing foods is just part of the toddler mindset.”

Around the time my son became a toddler, my work schedule got busier. If I came home late, I’d make us something fast and easy, like a quesadilla or a grilled cheese sandwich. I’d use wholegrain bread and organic cheese, so we weren’t exactly eating fast food every night, but it wasn’t what you’d call a balanced diet. When I did cook, he’d refuse 90 per cent of it, and while in principle I firmly believed in saying, “This is what we are having for dinner—you’re welcome to eat it or not, as you choose”, the practical reality was that when his blood sugar dropped, I had a pint-sized sociopath on my hands. So I’d let him fill up on a few fail-safe foods. Before I knew it, those were the only foods he would eat. I hovered.

I wheedled. I argued. Frustrated and dispirited, I began to dread dinner. It was a battle and, oh boy, was it personal!

A Healthy Start

Every day, we hear more about the links between diet and long-term health—the benefits of eating a well-balanced and plant-based diet, and the negative effects of consuming processed foods that have been stripped of their nutrients. Studies suggest that what you eat while pregnant and breastfeeding can affect the flavours your toddler will tolerate. So can a baby’s first exposure to solid foods, which is why some experts advise introducing baby to vegetables before fruit. Even genetics is now thought to play a role in picky eating. There’s no shortage of advice about how to cajole, entice or trick kids into eating a healthful, well-balanced diet—and no shortage of guilt for the mothers whose kids stand firm in their refusal.

But most experts agree that as long as you’re offering your kids a variety of wholefoods to choose from—and not making an issue of what they will or won’t eat—the picky-eating phase is just that, a phase. They’ll likely come out of it by the age ​of four or five, says Dr Sears, who added that my dilemma was far from uncommon. The trick, he says, is being willing to keep your eyes on the bigger goal of raising a healthy eater.

“Toddlerhood is when parents come to a crossroads,” he told me. “Do they stick with offering the healthy foods they were committed to and let their kid barely eat for a couple of years? Or do they bring out the less healthy foods they know their kids will eat, just to get in those calories? In my opinion, it’s much better for a child to pick his way through a healthy meal, even if he barely eats anything.”

I was tired of arguing over every stalk of broccoli, tired of preparing endless iterations of bread and cheese. But more than that, I didn’t want to lose sight, in this battle of wills, of what was really at stake. Getting my recalcitrant offspring to take a bite of spinach might be a victory in the short term, but I knew that in the long run it wasn’t the way to teach him to appreciate the taste of good food and to recognise how it feels in his body. When it’s no longer my job to feed him, I want him to have learned how to feed himself.

Attitude Adjustment

Just as I can’t pinpoint exactly when I went astray, so the way back was subtle, too. Gradually, I backed off a little. I let go of the worry over what my kid would and wouldn’t eat, and started paying attention to my own appetite again. I made what sounded good to me and watched as my son was drawn in to the tactile process of cooking. The question of dinner changed from what to feed him to what we could make together, and in the process we both discovered some new favourite dishes.

The trick is being willing to keep your eyes on the bigger goal of raising a healthy eater.

Perched attentively on a stool at the kitchen counter, he tore silverbeet leaves from their stems and sprinkled Parmesan cheese and breadcrumbs over the top of a gratin. He stirred slivers of toasted almonds and dried apricots into a sunny yellow quinoa pilaf with saffron and orange zest. He scooped balls of fragrant rockmelon and honeydew to make a salad. He has become a pesto pro, feeding fresh basil, parsley and even steamed broccoli into the food processor with almonds and olive oil. I respect his likes (mushrooms and leafy greens) and dislikes (tomatoes and olives). We talk a lot about fresh, homemade, wholefood—how it tastes and why it’s good for you.

Sweets and treats are on the menu, too, but they’re almost always something we’ve made together. And once in a while, on the nights we’re just too tired to cook, we have “crazy dinner” (sultana bran and sliced watermelon was one especially memorable meal), when anything in the fridge or the pantry is up for grabs. This arrangement has an added benefit: I’m much less likely to make an impulsive junk food purchase at the grocery store when I know that bag of marshmallows could become dinner. My son is almost seven now, and while I can’t claim he eats everything we cook together, I’m happy to say that dinnertime is fun again.

Saffron Quinoa with Apricots And Almonds

Saffron threads give this pilaf a fun and sunny hue.

Makes 4 servings

½ cup fresh orange juice

1/8 tsp turmeric

Pinch saffron threads, crushed

1 cup water

1 cup quinoa, rinsed

1/3 cup slivered almonds, toasted

1/3 cup thinly sliced dried apricots

¼ cup currants or sultanas

1 tbs olive oil

1 tbs lemon juice

Minced zest from 1 orange

Salt and pepper

1 In a medium saucepan, bring juice, turmeric, saffron and 1 cup water to a boil. Add quinoa, cover, reduce heat and simmer until liquid is absorbed (about 20 minutes).

2 Stir in almonds, apricots, currants, oil, lemon juice and orange zest. Season to taste with salt and pepper.

Recipe courtesy of Charity Ferreira.

Tips, Not Tricks

You can feed your kids well and keep your sanity in the process.

Feed Yourself First: It’s just like that safety talk they give you on the airplane about putting on your own oxygen mask before assisting your child. Take care of yourself by choosing the wholesome foods that please and sustain you. Stretch your own boundaries by experimenting with new flavours. In the process, you’ll be modelling healthful eating habits.

Be Patient But Tenacious: “I served kale [cavalo nero] or some kind of green to my kids every day for almost two years before they ate them,” says Terry Walters, the author of Clean Food (Sterling Epicure, 2009) and Clean Start (Sterling Epicure, 2010). “I never made them eat it. But I wanted them to know that this is what dinner looks like.” Studies show that repeated exposure to foods really does affect how likely kids are to eat them, so keep trying.

Snack Smart: Dinner isn’t the only time to think about nutrition. Dr Bob Sears reminds parents that snacks are a low-pressure opportunity to get in more of the good stuff (and avoid the bad). Here are some ideas to try: apple slices with almond butter; fruit and vegetable smoothies; raw vegies dipped in hummus; yoghurt with a little honey and cinnamon stirred in.

Make A Cooking Date: Choose a new recipe each week and involve the whole family in peeling, mixing, grating and stirring. Then sit down together and enjoy the fruits of your labour.

Think “Go-To” Not “To Go”: In The Cleaner Plate Club: More Than 100 Recipes for Real Food Real Kids Will Love (Storey Publishing, 2010), Beth Bader and Ali Benjamin suggest having a handful of “faster than drive-through dinners” in your weeknight repertoire, including meals such as poached or scrambled eggs over sautéed greens or steamed rice and vegies topped with feta cheese.

Give Yourself a Break: “Let go of the idea that you’re going to be perfect 100 per cent of the time, because it’s just not going to happen,” says Bader. “It’s kind of nice to say: ‘I’m doing a good job and I’m headed in the right direction.’ Sometimes it just feels good to be in that place.”

 

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